این روزها همه جا صحبت از مسابقات المپیک ریو 2016 میشه. مسابقات المپیک برای بسیاری از افراد جذابیت فراوانی داره. ما هم در این مقاله وبسایت زبانتیپس، با نگاه آموزشی خودمون سراغ این مسابقات رفتیم و به بهانه المپیک ریو 2016، تعدادی از کلمات کاربردی زبان انگلیسی که مربوط به مسابقات المپیک هستند رو مرور میکنیم. سعی کنید این لغات را یاد بگیرید تا اگر روزی دوست داشتید با یک نفر از یک کشور و فرهنگ متفاوت درباره مسابقات المپیک به زبان انگلیسی صحبت کنید، مشکلی نداشته باشید. ویدئو زیر را ببینید و سپس توضیحات مربوط به ویدئو را مطالعه کنید.
لغات مربوط به افراد شرکتکننده در مسابقات المپیک
|The athletes are the people who play the sports or who enter the tournament’s so for example David Beckham he is an example of an athlete.
|If there’s a team the coach is the person who decides who’s playing and who’s going to sit out. The coach decides how the team will win or how the athlete will win the sport so the coach often tries to motivate athletes to do better and their main goal is to help the team when through strategies and game plan.
|They work with the athlete to get them into top physical shape so the athletes are nice strong able to run long distances and compete well; so the trainer focuses on the athlete’s body and getting it up to speed.
مربی (تمرینات فیزیکی و مقاومت بدن)
|The referee is the person who usually has a whistle and they make sure that the athletes follow the rules. If the athlete doesn’t follow the rules, they blow their whistle and usually give some sort of penalty.
|A judge is a person who usually gives marks and in certain events, so you don’t find a judge in all events; but you do find judges in figure skating boxing and these types of events where they usually hold up a sign and with points on it.
Spectators are the people who watch the event. So if you’ve ever gone to a soccer game of baseball game to the Olympics maybe and you watched people play a sport, you are the spectator. So usually during the Olympics there are thousands and thousands of spectators.
لغات مربوط به مکان مسابقات المپیک
|A place where an event is held. We don’t just use it for sports, we also use it for concerts. For any type of event we talk about the venue where the event is going to take place. So there are different types of venues at the Olympics: stadium, arena, track, swimming pool.
|A stadium is a circular building or an oval shaped building that has a lot of seats, usually thousands of seats and this is where you sit and you watch different sports take place.
|Often the word arena and stadium are used interchangeably, so you can say stadium or arena. They usually mean the same thing although sometimes some people say that an arena has a roof and so it’s completely indoors, whereas a stadium is outdoors.
|People run on the track so as they run around, other sports take place there too. Sometimes we have car racing on a track.
|The torch is almost the symbol of the Olympics. The torch is the object that Olympians hold. Usually the torch is taken through many different countries throughout the year. People run with the torch from one country to another country.
A medal is the goal of the all the Olympians. They want to win a medal. What color do the metals come in at? The best one is gold so you can be a gold medalist and that’s what we call somebody who wins the medal: a medalist. If you come in second, you would be a silver medalist and you would win the silver medal and for third place, it’s bronze. The bronze is the third place and you would be a bronze medalist if you want a third place.
|A podium is what winners stand on.
(جایگاه مخصوص 3 نفر اول)
لغات مربوط به ورزشهای مسابقات المپیک
It’s when both men and women they lift very heavy weights and whoever lifts the heaviest amount of weights wins the competition.
|It’s a form of fighting and the point of wrestling is to try to get your opponent on the ground. Their shoulders are supposed to touch the ground.
|You shoot an arrow from a bow.
(تیراندازی با کمان)
|A type of fighting where people box.
|Exercises developing or displaying physical agility and coordination.
|When somebody runs and there’s an obstacle in the way and somebody has to jump over it, run a little more, jump, run, jump and jump.
(پرش از روی مانع)
|You have a long stick and you run with the stick you shove a stick into the ground and you flip over a very high bar.
(پرش با نیزه)
|This is where you have a team of runners and each one has something called a baton. They hold it behind their back and somebody comes running, hands on the baton and then they run with a baton and then they run it to the next person who runs with a baton; so it’s a type of race where you have multiple people in the race on your team.
|This is a circular shaped object and it’s thrown; so it’s a very heavy object that is thrown.
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